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Global warming: temperature at the northern pole by the end of December 2016 will stay around 0 Celsius (an excess of 20 degrees above the average observed there) : True / False / Other from BG will end on 01/12/2016 09h14 Some models project Greenland melting... 3000 years in the future. See Ridley et al. But are the models correct... Do they account for chaotic events? --
Global warming and technological singularity theory : global warming threats will be significantly reduced by the use of artificial intelligence allowing to overcome Human's limited capability to find successful solutions? : True / False / Other from BG will end on 24/01/2020 08h38 Beyond the fact that AI technologies could help solving complex problems, I emphasize the role of an artificial brain as an authority or even a "leader". Humanity has obvious difficulties to adopt a common point of view and to share solutions to the global warming threats. Rare are the examples of such commonalities: only religions, i.e. God, or, more recently, "Money" gather billions of people around some common thinking. Maybe an artificial intelligence, going far beyond our best performances, would gather world leaders, and populations around a common objective, solutions. It would also propose solutions based on innovations and new technologies, and not on restrictive regulations (like current political leaders). (pict. Colossus: The Forbin Project, from Wikipedia) --
Asteroids: with the increasing detection of asteroids near the earth orbit, it will happen that some fall on the moon and provoke a spectacular view from the earth. : yes / no / Other from BG will end on 01/10/2020 07h55 It has already happened and was even photographed! See this link a picture from Jose Madiedo, a professor at the University of Huelva. We could expect that such a phenomenon of a large magnitude, seen by million of people could increase the awareness in the asteroid threats and have some political consequences. --
Voynich: The Voynich manuscript secret will be uncovered. The source language is: : an ancient american tongue / an asian language / a cypher / random generated text / Other from BG will end on 06/10/2025 00h09 Only a few words have been deciphered by a careful analysis of the numerous illustrations of the manuscript. for example the word Chiron a Centaur has been identified. -- See this reference A Preliminary Analysis of the Botany, Zoology, and Mineralogy of the Voynich Manuscript by Arthur O. Tucker, Rexford H. Talbert HerbalGram. 2013; American Botanical Council. Here one of their illustration for a plant that could be "Caulanthus Heterophyllus". It is native to California and Baja California, say the authors. --
Religions: religious beliefs are often associated with a high degree of anthropocentrism. Which discipline will provide the first proof against human-centered view of the world, and consequently religions? : artificial intelligence / genetics / extraterrestrial life / philosophy / Other from BG will end on 06/10/2021 22h43 To be more precise with these hypotheses: here artificial intelligence refers to machines passing the Turing test; genetics is about modifying the human species toward other forms of life; extraterrestrial life refers to the discovery of intelligent life elsewhere in the universe; philosophy refers to any form of intellectual advance that makes anthropocentrism outdated, including new cosmological models. --
The multiverse (meta-universes) theories will gain support among cosmologists in the future as it is still debated. : Yes / No / Other from BG will end on 01/10/2017 16h16 @Loomyer : You are right. In fact, it appears from the Wikipedia article (I must admit that I am absolutely a novice in cosmology) that many versions of multiverse theory exist. In the question I meant any type of multiverse view on the universe with the exception of a direct application of quantum physic principles like the Schrödinger's paradox of the Cat. If the question is vague or unclear, I will try to make it more precise! Thanks! -- "It is important to keep in mind that the multiverse view is not actually a theory, it is rather a consequence of our current understanding of theoretical physics. " argues ... but "The race is now on to find a way to test the theory, including searching the sky for signs of collisions with other universes." --
KIC 8462852 will provide the first evidence of an alien life : true / false / Other from BG will end on 01/10/2020 08h18 Weird flux were found coming from this star. Researchers are puzzled as nothing like that should come from this kind of star.
Look at the planet hunter website for helping these researchers and at Wright's blog dealing with alien's megastructures --
Virtual psychiatrists will be designed to assess and educate chronic mental disordered patients. These virtual clinicians may be preferred by patients with complex social cognitive disorders. : True / False / Other from BG will end on 01/09/2018 14h12
Oxytocin administered before therapy session enhances the effects of social cognitive remediation on empathy, theory of mind, emotion recognition, and functioning. : True / False / Other from BG will end on 01/10/2016 20h48 Oxytocin is hypophysial hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland. -- "The hypothesis was that oxytocin would increase understanding of emotions, empathy, and facial expression and that the combination of oxytocin and social skills training would bring the highest level of improvement," Mark Weiser, MD, chairman of psychiatry, Tel Aviv University, Israel, told delegates in .
"But the bottom line was in our hands ― in these patients, oxytocin was not efficacious in improving social function in schizophrenia."
Social neurosciences: recognition of other's helping behavior is a neurocognitive component that participates to relational empathy during patient-clinician encounters. : True / False / Other from BG will end on 01/09/2017 09h11 In our view, recognition of help is a theory of mind component, and thus may be investigated with corresponding methods. It is also a construct that participates in patients recognition of the helping intention in their clinicians. In the absence of such a recognition, relationship with the clinician is dampened. --
Technological singularity : Stephen Hawking recently evoked the hypothesis that robots could end the humanity. What could we expect if artificial intelligence outperforms human intelligence? : AI attacks Humans / Human become slaves/toys / AI help humans / Humans remain the leaders / Other from BG will end on 01/12/2020 09h14 About technological singularity accounts, this wikipedia article. -- After homo sapiens, are we heading to homo superfluus? I mean that human will become the second intelligence in the known universe, rapidly being under the control of more rapid and clever intelligences? --
One of the following vocal assistant will be the first computer program to pass the Turing test without any human help. : Siri (Apple) / Google Play or Everywhere / Yes, another one / False / Other from BG will end on 01/08/2017 10h51 Additionaly, I would argue that Turing test might not be so selective... I would propose an extension of the test (if no-one has proposed it before) that is : "an intelligence is human, if any living or artificial intelligence capable of judging votes that it is..." -- An exemple of a dialog given by Ray Kurzweil with Eugene Goostman the robot of Princeton University. " We are therefore proud to declare that Alan Turings test was passed for the first time on Saturday. Kevin Warwick, PhD Not so sure... --
Schizophrenic patients with theory of mind deficits have reduced superior temporal gyrus electrical activation : true / false / Other from BG will end on 01/10/2016 23h52
With respect to the administration of cocaine, Eating cookies (high fat and sugar food such as Oreos) evokes in rats brain activity in the reward regions that is : significantly superior / equal / significantly inferior / Other from BG will end on 10/02/2017 09h38 According to Joseph Schroeder cookies provoke in rats higher behavioral interest and brain expression of c-Fos in the nucleus accumbens. --
Superior temporal gyrus activation elicited by social visual stimuli with intentional contents (theory of mind) is under strong top-down influences ? : True / False / Other from BG will end on 01/10/2016 16h26 A recent experiment by us revealed that instruction did not change dramatically STS activation... If published, I will vote for False, but if anyone has other arguments... --
To emerge the phenomenon of consciousness relies on quantum physics specifically, i.e. theories that do not involve quantum phenomenon cannot account for all mind-matter relationships. : Yes / No / Other from BG will end on 02/01/2020 09h24 I must say that I was absolutely not convinced by quantum theories of consciousness until yesterday, when I read the news about the NSA developing "quantum computer that could crack most types of encryption" (see ref. above). It occurred to me that brain (and living cells) have developed since the "beginning" in a universe where quantum physics is the rule. It means that complex phenomenons that could help to process data in a "new optimized way" were available to our neurons for millions of years. If the NSA can break codes with quantum computers, why not some of our neurons in a way that we don't understand yet? Sir John Eccles offered a precise micro-tubular theory about that a few years ago. -- An important recent paper to read on this topic Consciousness in the universe : A review of the Orch OR theory (Stuart Hameroff, Roger Penrose): "there is a connection between the brains biomolecular processes and the basic structure of the universe."... "The Orch OR proposal suggests conscious experience is intrinsically connected to the fine-scale structure of spacetime geometry, and that consciousness could be deeply related to the operation of the laws of the universe" --
Connecting two persons with a bidirectional neural connection (direct mapping of an area's activity) could allow a direct subjective investigation of phenomenal and access consciousness. : true / false / Other from BG will end on 06/09/2017 23h31 As for the example of twin sharing common neural systems, future technology will allow mapping brain activity of a person to another one. Sensation of merging conscious contents could allow an exploration of a new frontier in our knowledge of consciousness. -- See this experiment: Grau C, Ginhoux R, Riera A, Nguyen TL, Chauvat H, et al. (2014) Conscious Brain-to-Brain Communication in Humans Using Non-Invasive Technologies. PLoS ONE 9(8): e105225. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0105225 --
It is possible to simulate complex social relationships, subtle social attitudes and empathetic stances with affective agents without an explicit or implicit artificial intelligence model. : True / False / Other from BG will end on 01/08/2016 08h01 Conversely, I would argue that implicit AI models may "learn" from scenarios that could be played and replayed like human dreaming allow long term memorization of recalled events. We could imagine that "archetypes" could be instantiated in scenarios that act offline on the trained AI... Nice theoretical link with Jungian psychoanalysis ! --
Writing the statements (verbal utterances) of a virtual agent (in academic research and industry) will require the experience and skills of new professionals : script writer / psychologist / code writer / Other from BG will end on 01/08/2017 08h58 In my own experience of writing sentences to be pronounced by an avatar, it is quite clear that it is important to tune precisely the style, the pragmatic level, etc. The exercise is closer to writing a drama than creating the verbal material of a psycholinguistic experiment...
There are also interesting issues due to the non prosodic vocal synthesis. It is not easy finding a correct style when prosody is absent and to take into account some faulty pronunciation by the virtual agent. --
What would be the main benefit in using an affective agent for cognitive remediation of social cognition ? : directly stimulates cognition / facilitates cognition / acts on motivation / reduces social anxiety / Other from BG will end on 01/08/2017 10h25 Virtual agents are know to be appreciated by children. This phenomenon may be profitable in adults even if they have impaired social cognition. I would state that 1) motivation by play, 2) fear reduction would be the main way to help socially impaired patients enter into the complex, unpredictable, poorly systematized social world. Picture : see the use in the Boston museum of Ada and Grace to guide children's --
Computer sciences will be able to conceive an artificial intelligence that has a IQ above 200? : Yes / No / Other from BG will end on 24/11/2018 22h14 Siri, the apple iphone vocal assistant, is questioned on the fact that it could meet the Turing test criteria ! See this article... -- Note this interesting website maintained by Ray Kurzweil, and important thinker on futurology and avocate of the singularity hypothesis : --
Signs of alien life will be found by detecting non-random electromagnetic signals : True / False / Other from BG will end on 01/10/2020 15h01 Taking into account the Drake equation evaluating the the number of technological civilizations that might exist in our galaxy, the SETI organization looks for proofs of alien life existence. If it succeeds in achieving this goal, it will be the most incredible news in the history of mankind! --
What will be the most ancient fossils of hominid that will be discovered in the future? : 6 millions years-old / 7 millions years-old / 8 millions years-old / 9 millions years-old / Other from BG will end on 06/10/2018 16h32 Sahelanthropus tchadensis is an extinct hominine species that is dated to about 7 million years ago, possibly very close to the time of the chimpanzee/human divergence, and so it is unclear whether it can be regarded as a member of the Hominini tribe. Few, if any, specimens are known, other than the partial skull nicknamed Toumaï ("hope of life"). (source Wikipedia) --
According to Bryan Sykes, a geneticist at the University of Oxford, the Yeti is apparented to a bear and not an hominid. To what the Yeti should be apparented ? : Bears / Hominids / Felins / Totally unknown specie / Other from BG will end on 10/02/2017 09h38 The Yeti has never been identified as a specific specie. As for "big foot" evidence of it's existence is scarce and even untrustfull. This research on DNA sequence may constitute one first line of scientific evidence. --
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