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10-Yr Scientific forecast!

Here you will find a 10-years science and technology forecast! While scientific sites and databases focus mostly on the past, alternativehypotheses is the only website to provide, thanks to its statistical engine, an estimation of future knowledge! This panoptic panorama on our future will help future studies by adding more comprehensive predictions and innovative assumptions. In our view, combining many forecasts may improve accuracy and even creativity of "future thinkers".

Human become slaves/toys Technological singularity : Stephen Hawking recently evoked the hypothesis that robots could end the humanity. What could we expect if artificial intelligence outperforms human intelligence? (Le 01/12/2020 09h14)
Read an answer to Hawking from Kurzweil in 2001 :

My argument is that AI will implement empathy, so probably, robots would behave with respect to their creators! said BG. About technological singularity accounts, this wikipedia article. said BG.
7 millions years-old What will be the most ancient fossils of hominid that will be discovered in the future? (Le 06/10/2018 16h32)
Sahelanthropus tchadensis is an extinct hominine species that is dated to about 7 million years ago, possibly very close to the time of the chimpanzee/human divergence, and so it is unclear whether it can be regarded as a member of the Hominini tribe.[1] Few, if any, specimens are known, other than the partial skull nicknamed Toumaï ("hope of life"). (source Wikipedia) said BG.
False Superior temporal gyrus activation elicited by social visual stimuli with intentional contents (theory of mind) is under strong top-down influences ? (Le 30/09/2017 15h05)
A recent experiment by us revealed that instruction did not change dramatically STS activation... If published, I will vote for False, but if anyone has other arguments... said BG.
True Signs of alien life will be found by detecting non-random electromagnetic signals (Le 01/10/2020 15h01)
Taking into account the Drake equation evaluating the the number of technological civilizations that might exist in our galaxy, the SETI organization looks for proofs of alien life existence. If it succeeds in achieving this goal, it will be the most incredible news in the history of mankind! said BG.
Yes Computer sciences will be able to conceive an artificial intelligence that has a IQ above 200? (Le 24/11/2018 22h14)
What is Singularity University? They claim: "Our mission is to educate, inspire and empower leaders to apply exponential technologies to address humanity’s grand challenges."
said BG. Siri, the apple iphone vocal assistant, is questioned on the fact that it could meet the Turing test criteria ! See this article... said BG.
Yes To emerge the phenomenon of consciousness relies on quantum physics specifically, i.e. theories that do not involve quantum phenomenon cannot account for all mind-matter relationships. (Le 02/01/2020 09h24)
I must say that I was absolutely not convinced by quantum theories of consciousness until yesterday, when I read the news about the NSA developing "quantum computer that could crack most types of encryption" (see ref. above). It occurred to me that brain (and living cells) have developed since the "beginning" in a universe where quantum physics is the rule. It means that complex phenomenons that could help to process data in a "new optimized way" were available to our neurons for millions of years. If the NSA can break codes with quantum computers, why not some of our neurons in a way that we don't understand yet? Sir John Eccles offered a precise micro-tubular theory about that a few years ago. said BG. An important recent paper to read on this topic Consciousness in the universe : A review of the ‘Orch OR’ theory (Stuart Hameroff, Roger Penrose): "there is a connection between the brain’s biomolecular processes and the basic structure of the universe."... "The Orch OR proposal suggests conscious experience is intrinsically connected to the fine-scale structure of space–time geometry, and that consciousness could be deeply related to the operation of the laws of the universe" said BG.
Google Play or Everywhere One of the following vocal assistant will be the first computer program to pass the Turing test without any human help. (Le 01/08/2017 10h51)
Additionaly, I would argue that Turing test might not be so selective... I would propose an extension of the test (if no-one has proposed it before) that is : "an intelligence is human, if any living or artificial intelligence capable of judging votes that it is..." said BG. An exemple of a dialog given by Ray Kurzweil with Eugene Goostman the robot of Princeton University. " We are therefore proud to declare that Alan Turing's test was passed for the first time on Saturday. Kevin Warwick, PhD Not so sure... said BG.
Acts on motivation What would be the main benefit in using an affective agent for cognitive remediation of social cognition ? (Le 01/08/2017 10h25)
Virtual agents are know to be appreciated by children. This phenomenon may be profitable in adults even if they have impaired social cognition. I would state that 1) motivation by play, 2) fear reduction would be the main way to help socially impaired patients enter into the complex, unpredictable, poorly systematized social world. Picture : see the use in the Boston museum of Ada and Grace to guide children's said BG.
Script writer Writing the statements (verbal utterances) of a virtual agent (in academic research and industry) will require the experience and skills of new professionals (Le 01/08/2017 08h58)
In my own experience of writing sentences to be pronounced by an avatar, it is quite clear that it is important to tune precisely the style, the pragmatic level, etc. The exercise is closer to writing a drama than creating the verbal material of a psycholinguistic experiment...
There are also interesting issues due to the non prosodic vocal synthesis. It is not easy finding a correct style when prosody is absent and to take into account some faulty pronunciation by the virtual agent. said BG.
True Connecting two persons with a bidirectional neural connection (direct mapping of an area's activity) could allow a direct subjective investigation of phenomenal and access consciousness. (Le 06/09/2017 23h31)
As for the example of twin sharing common neural systems, future technology will allow mapping brain activity of a person to another one. Sensation of merging conscious contents could allow an exploration of a new frontier in our knowledge of consciousness. said BG. See this experiment: Grau C, Ginhoux R, Riera A, Nguyen TL, Chauvat H, et al. (2014) Conscious Brain-to-Brain Communication in Humans Using Non-Invasive Technologies. PLoS ONE 9(8): e105225. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0105225 said BG.
True Social neurosciences: recognition of other's helping behavior is a neurocognitive component that participates to relational empathy during patient-clinician encounters. (Le 01/09/2017 09h11)
In our view, recognition of help is a theory of mind component, and thus may be investigated with corresponding methods. It is also a construct that participates in patients recognition of the helping intention in their clinicians. In the absence of such a recognition, relationship with the clinician is dampened. said BG.
True Virtual psychiatrists will be designed to assess and educate chronic mental disordered patients. These virtual clinicians may be preferred by patients with complex social cognitive disorders. (Le 01/09/2018 14h12)
False KIC 8462852 will provide the first evidence of an alien life (Le 01/10/2020 08h18)
Weird flux were found coming from this star. Researchers are puzzled as nothing like that should come from this kind of star.
Look at the planet hunter website for helping these researchers and at Wright's blog dealing with alien's megastructures said BG.
Artificial intelligence Religions: religious beliefs are often associated with a high degree of anthropocentrism. Which discipline will provide the first proof against human-centered view of the world, and consequently religions? (Le 06/10/2021 22h43)
To be more precise with these hypotheses: here artificial intelligence refers to machines passing the Turing test; genetics is about modifying the human species toward other forms of life; extraterrestrial life refers to the discovery of intelligent life elsewhere in the universe; philosophy refers to any form of intellectual advance that makes anthropocentrism outdated, including new cosmological models. said BG.
An ancient american tongue Voynich: The Voynich manuscript secret will be uncovered. The source language is: (Le 06/10/2025 00h09)
Only a few words have been deciphered by a careful analysis of the numerous illustrations of the manuscript. for example the word Chiron a Centaur has been identified. said BG. See this reference A Preliminary Analysis of the Botany, Zoology, and Mineralogy of the Voynich Manuscript by Arthur O. Tucker, Rexford H. Talbert HerbalGram. 2013; American Botanical Council. Here one of their illustration for a plant that could be "Caulanthus Heterophyllus". It is native to California and Baja California, say the authors. said BG.
Yes Asteroids: with the increasing detection of asteroids near the earth orbit, it will happen that some fall on the moon and provoke a spectacular view from the earth. (Le 01/10/2020 07h55)
It has already happened and was even photographed! See this link a picture from Jose Madiedo, a professor at the University of Huelva. We could expect that such a phenomenon of a large magnitude, seen by million of people could increase the awareness in the asteroid threats and have some political consequences. said BG.
True Global warming and technological singularity theory : global warming threats will be significantly reduced by the use of artificial intelligence allowing to overcome Human's limited capability to find successful solutions? (Le 24/01/2020 08h38)
Beyond the fact that AI technologies could help solving complex problems, I emphasize the role of an artificial brain as an authority or even a "leader". Humanity has obvious difficulties to adopt a common point of view and to share solutions to the global warming threats. Rare are the examples of such commonalities: only religions, i.e. God, or, more recently, "Money" gather billions of people around some common thinking. Maybe an artificial intelligence, going far beyond our best performances, would gather world leaders, and populations around a common objective, solutions. It would also propose solutions based on innovations and new technologies, and not on restrictive regulations (like current political leaders). (pict. Colossus: The Forbin Project, from Wikipedia) said BG.
Yes Pokemon Go (Niantic): Niantic will face lawsuits for damage caused by the use of their virtual reality game (Le 19/08/2017 13h57)
Augmented reality games have consequences in the real world and thus must be safe. It would be easy, for Niantic, to forbid any interaction while moving above X mph (such as driving a car). If they do not enforce such a simple limitation, it means that they agree with the possibility to ride a bike while playing. said BG. I have launched a call for the idea of responsibility: said BG.
AI singularity Singularities: Among these potential major changes which one will occur the first? (Le 01/09/2020 13h57)
In my view, AI singularity is among the most probable paradigm change humanity will face (and generate!). However, all the possibilities listed here have an epistemological potential of "changing everything": I mean culture, religions, economy, and even metaphysics. The importance of the question is that given the order in which these likely divergences will appear, history of humanity will follow radically different ways. And face different challenges and threats... said BG.
Yes Artificial intelligence: the development of AI decision and the possibility given to AIs to hold properties will lead to the dispossession by humans of any forms of belongings (Le 01/02/2020 19h19)
Agents driven by artificial intelligence will obtain the possibility to hold property and goods will trade with their homologs. Economic growth will be progressively driven by AI financial decisions. Humans will only have a spectator point of view on this exponential virtual market. said BG. In french 2017 elections campaign, one candidate (M. Hamon) raised the topic about the progressive end of "work" and of a universal income for everyone. He argued this issue was also discussed by Bill Gates under the term of "robot tax" There is a very strong debate about the problem that could arise if human work and money aren't correlated anymore. In the question of property, the same issue appears with AI and not robots. But here, the question is about belongings under any form. The unprecedented speed of AI such as in the excellent film "Her" could result in a complete distortion of the markets with a drastic increase of virtual belongings prices. Thus, real world belongings would not be as valuable as they were until the arrival of AI in the property holders field. said BG.

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